Empire

EMPIRE™ Turf grows Australia Wide and provides a lawn grass which is easy to look after. It has a relatively fine leaf which is soft to touch, excellent wear tolerance and thrives in extreme heat and humidity.

EMPIRE™ is good in the shade and keeps a good winter colour and it can generally outcompete the weeds once established. EMPIRE™ ZOYSIA generally requires less watering & less mowing than any other commercially grown lawn in Australia.

Performance

 

Empire grass has all the benefits of the other high performance soft leaf buffalo grass, such as: needing less water, deep roots, greener in Winter, a good sun or shade turf and it’s hard wearing. However, Empire grass has the added benefit of a finer texture.

Empire grass does not rely on fine leaves for its fine texture, but its folding leaf. When Empire grass is mature, its leaf folds at tight angles along its axis, resulting in a fine texture. This is important, because fine leaf buffalo lawns usually have thatch problems, are shallow rooted, poor wearing and are slow growing. A Empire lawn does not suffer from these problems.

Not only is a Empire lawn hard wearing, due to its quick recovery from wear damage, but it is also shade tolerant like all other good varieties of buffalo grass. It is an easy grass to grow. What makes a Empire lawn different to other buffalo lawn varieties is its fine texture. Until now, fine textured buffalo lawns have been slow growing, and shallow rooted, but a Empire lawn is different. We believe it is the only fine textured, quick recovering buffalo grass in the world. And a Empire lawn also has excellent disease tolerance, and a great winter colour.

 

Finer Leaf

 

“EMPIRE™ ZOYSIA Turf– It just keeps looking good”

Probably the hardest lawn in the world to wear out. Only the better Buffalo varieties have more shade tolerance. Almost indestructible rolls or slabs. With such little mowing required, it is the ideal lawn for slopes.
empireAustral Turf is pleased to introduce EMPIRE™ ZOYSIA, a selected cultivar of Zoysia japonica, chosen specifically for its ability to reduce production costs while demonstrating very desirable growth characteristics. Reduced production costs are achieved by EMPIRE™’s rapid expansion rate, reproduction from rhizomes, and its natural chemical resistance for easier weed control.

Unlike other Zoysia grasses, EMPIRE™ is not too slow. In fact compared to other Zoysias lawns, EMPIRE™ is super fast, however EMPIRE™ still requires less mowing than Couch, Kikuyu, and Buffalo turf.

EMPIRE™ demonstrates superior dark green color, low thatch build up due to its wide bladed leaf (compared to other Zoysias) and open growth habit, natural chemical resistance to MSMA, 2,4-D, and Fusillade II, and good drought tolerance. EMPIRE™ was discovered in Brazil, and unlike other Zoysia varieties, has proven its ability to thrive in hot, humid conditions as well as colder climates.

EMPIRE™ has performed well in sandy and clay soil types with aggressive growth from its runners and rhizomes, but can be mowed with a standard rotary mower due to its broader leaf and open growth habit. It requires less maintenance and mowing than other grasses, and is a very efficient water user. This versatile turf grass thrives in all climatic regions of Australia, from Darwin, to Tasmania, from Sydney to Perth, and would even survive in places where the temperature drops to 20 degrees below 0.


Information on Common Zoysia (compared to EMPIRE™)

empire

Zoysia grass is extremely drought tolerant. Although it does turn straw colored under severe drought conditions, it has the capacity to respond to subsequent irrigation or rainfall. Its water requirements are similar to those of Couch grass. The leaf blades of Zoysia grass are among the first to roll under drought conditions, thus it tends to conserve moisture more effectively than other species.

Zoysia grass also has a deep root system allowing it to more effectively extract water from greater soil depths. EMPIRE™ remains looking good in dryer conditions than other Zoysias. EMPIRE™ not only survives drought, but keeps looking great for longer.

Zoysia grass is nearly as salt tolerant as Bermuda grass. It is widely grown along sandy seashores where drainage is adequate. Zoysia grass does not tolerate poorly drained soils whether they are saline or otherwise, until now. EMPIRE™ ZOYSIA does well in most soil types, including heavy poor draining soils.

Zoysia grasses are among the most wear tolerant turf grasses. However, their slow rate of growth gives them very poor recuperative potential. Until now. EMPIRE™ has a great recovery rate. EMPIRE™ has changed the way people look at Zoysia.

Characteristics

 

Aesthetics

Eye catching dark green colour
Luxurious soft-to-the-touch feel
Fine, tight leaf blade growth
Great autumn / winter colour
Early spring green up (if dormant)
Small leaf blade (5-7mm). Well proportioned to shrinking lot size

Functionality

Grows in clay and sandy soil types
Durable and robust
Vigorous re-growth from underground rhizomes
Rapid injury recovery
Good resistance to insects and diseases (especially lawn grub)
Moderate to good shade tolerance

Climatic

Grows Australia wide
Thrives in extreme heat and humidity
Excellent cold hardiness
Drought tolerant due to deep root system

Environmental

Low water use due to deep root system
Reduced fertiliser requirements
Less insecticide, herbicide and fungicide usage

 

EMPIRE™ Turf Installation Guide

 

Initial Installation

  1. Remove all building waste & weeds
  2. Spread a free draining soil to a depth of 7-15cm (roots can penetrate much deeper) or loosen ground and mix in appropriate soil conditioners. Phone your supplier for more advice on this option. For sandy soils, simply mix in organic material and rotary hoe.
  3. Level the surface using a screeding board, lawn leveller or similar device.
  4. Apply a low analysis fertilizer with an N:P:K of approximately 5:6:5 or lawn starter fertilizer to the surface and incorporate with a rake.
  5. In hot months, moisten the soil but do not make the soil too wet. Do not lay turf on hot, dry soil.
  6. Lay turf as soon as possible after delivery.
  7. On hot days, lay a section of turf and lightly water. Repeat until all turf is laid. On cool days, turf can be laid all at once. Roll and water thoroughly within one hour of laying turf.
  8. Water thoroughly for 7-10 days or until turf is established. Take care that the water is saturating the soil beneath the turf. In colder months, the turf will take longer to establish. The turf should not dry out until roots are established.
  9. When the soil has firmed and the EMPIRE ZOYSIA has rooted down, usually 2-3 weeks after laying (longer during winter), mow lightly to tidy up the lawn.

 

FAQ’s

 

Why Is Good Soil Important?

For optimum growth, turfgrass needs just four things (in the proper balance) to grow…sunlight, air, water and nutrients. Reduce any of these, or provide too much of any one, and the grass may die or simply suffer. In the right proportions, the grass will flourish, providing not only beauty to the landscape, but also a clean and safe place to play and many benefits to the environment.

Grass obtains three of these four essential factors (air, water and nutrients) from the soil, but many soils are less than ideal for growing grass. Some soils contain too much clay and may be very compacted… great for roads, bad for grass, because air and water aren’t available to the roots and the roots can’t grow. Other soils may have too much sand… beautiful on a beach, but difficult to grow grass because water and nutrients won’t stay in the root zone long enough for the plant to use. Another frequently observed problem with many soils is that its pH (the degree of acidity or alkalinity) is too high or two low for optimum grass growth.

What Is The Best Soil For Turfgrass?

Loams, sandy loams and loamy sands, with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0 are the very best soils for producing a beautiful, high-use, low-maintenance lawn. Unfortunately, this ideal soil mixture is seldom found on any property after construction.

How Deep Should the Soil Be For Turfgrass?

The absolute minimum soil depth for a care-free lawn is 10 cm; however, for deeper root penetration and the benefits that brings, the accepted standard is 15 cm.

Can Soils Be Improved?

Practically without exception, not only can most soils be improved, they usually need to be improved to obtain the maximum results with only a minimum of other on-going effort.

The knowledge of what is necessary, the amount and availability of materials and the immediate costs of time and money are the factors that typically deter people from taking the steps necessary to improving the soil. While some people do not fully understand the importance of good soils for grass, many also believe they can save time and money by ignoring the need to improve their lawn’s soil.

The fact is that failing to improve the soil before planting is only inviting a much greater and continual investment of both time and money, that will never return its value as fully as preparing the soil properly before planting any grass.



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